Jim completed a 35-year military career mainly in operational command and staff positions. He has served on numerous UN and NATO missions on five continents, including a senior military intelligence position in NATO. Jim holds an MA and Ph.D. in War Studies from the Royal Military College of Canada. Since leaving the Canadian Armed Forces, Jim served as a Library of Parliament analyst supporting parliamentary committees dealing with national security and defence issues. He also taught Canadian foreign policy and civil-military relations at the University of Ottawa and Carleton University. Jim’s principal field of interest is intelligence theory and he is currently a Fellow with the Centre for Security, Intelligence and Defence Studies at the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs and a Research Fellow with the Canadian Defence Associations Institute in Ottawa.